The Rev. Lou Tiscione, Pastor, Weatherford Presbyterian Church (PCA)
The most fundamental teaching of the Christian Church concerning the nature of God is that He is three persons in one God. The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are God, one in substance yet, distinct in persons. The Westminster Confession of Faith states, “There is but one only, living, and true God, who is infinite in being and perfection, a most pure spirit, invisible, without body, parts, or passions; immutable, immense, eternal, incomprehensible, almighty, most wise, most holy, most free, most absolute… In the unity of the Godhead there be three persons, of one substance, power, and eternity…” (Chapter 2, par. 1,3)
This has been the teaching of the Church for Centuries. It is the revealed truth of God. The doctrine of the Trinity was not merely discovered in the last 150 years. All of the Ancient Creeds and Confessions of the Church declare the Trinity as the revealed truth of God.
But, there is a problem or the appearance of a problem. The word “Trinity” is not in the Bible. One would think that such a fundamental doctrine would at least be explicitly described in the word of God written. In fact, even though the word “Trinity” does not appear in Scripture, it is explicitly taught.
Let’s look at the beginning. “In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth. The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the deep. And God said…” Genesis 1:1-3a. The one true God created everything out of nothing. God was the initiator. The word translated “Father” in the Bible means initiator, provider and protector. From this understanding, we are told that God the Father initiated creation. Secondly, the Spirit of God is revealed “hovering” over what is declared to be chaos, nevertheless under the sovereign rule of God. Thirdly, the spoken word of God is declared to bring order out of chaos. John wrote that the word of God was with God and was God. He was speaking of the second person of the Trinity who took upon Himself human nature and was Incarnate, John 1:1-2. Likewise, Paul wrote that everything was made by Him and for Him and He holds all things together, Colossians 1:16-17.
Moving to the Psalms, King David wrote, “The LORD says to my Lord; sit at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool.” Psalm 110:1 David wrote of the “conversation” between Yahweh or, if you prefer, Jehovah, and Adoni which means Master. Jesus quoted this Scripture to confuse the Pharisees as a result of their inability to identify the Messiah namely Him. He further used this passage to declare that God’s word written cannot be broken! David under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit wrote of the relationship between Father and Son in the God-head.
The passages in Isaiah named after the “Suffering Servant” include God’s revelation of the Trinity. Isaiah 61:1, “The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me…” The Servant of God (Jesus) spoke through Isaiah and said God the Father had anointed Him with the Holy Spirit. Jesus read this passage in His home town Synagogue. He declared that what the prophet Isaiah wrote was fulfilled in Him, Luke 4:16-21.
Now for the most expressive passage of Scripture which reveals the doctrine of the Trinity, I turn to the New Testament, Matthew 28:19. “Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.” Jesus commanded all of His followers to make disciples. I’m sure that you’ve been taught that the direct and emphatic command of Jesus in the Great Commission is to disciple! Those who profess faith in Jesus Christ, the Only Son of God as He is offered in the gospel are to make followers of Jesus. The specific nature of discipleship is Trinitarian. That is, we are to identify followers with God who has identified Himself as the Father the Son and the Holy Spirit. Therefore, true followers of Jesus are identified with the Trinitarian God. We worship and serve the God who has revealed Himself as three persons yet one God. Any religious expression that does not confess the historic, biblical doctrine of the Trinity is at its heart False!